Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun. We have both subject and object pronouns: Subject Object I me you you he him she her it it we us you you they them We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them. This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him. This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before? Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you. You could go to a doctor. They might help you. Subject pronouns We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb: I like your dress. You are late. He is my friend It is raining She is on holiday We live in England. They come from London. Warning Remember: English clauses always have a subject: His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher. I’m waiting for my wife. Is late. > She is late. If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject. Object pronouns We use object pronouns: • as the object of the verb: Can you help me please? I can see you. She doesn’t like him. I saw her in town today. We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us. • after prepositions: She is waiting for me. I’ll get it for you. Give it to him. Why are you looking at her? Don’t take it from us. I’ll speak to them.