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Reduction of Relative Clauses

'Yabancı Dil' forumunda statist tarafından 30 Ağustos 2012 tarihinde açılan konu

  1. statist

    statist Moderator

    Reduction of Relative Clauses
    1. Aktif Yapılar (Active Structure)
    Aktive yapılarda who, which, that ve yardımcı filler (am, is, have, was gibi)atılır. Fill gerund (verb+ing) halinde kalır. Anlamda hiçbir değişiklik olmaz.

    Students who want to join the club must apply to the English teacher.
    Students wanting to join the club must apply to the English teacher.

    Do you know the man who is talking on the TV?
    Do you know the man talking on the TV?

    The car struck the people who were waiting at the bus stop.
    The car struck the people waiting at the bus stop.

    Geçmiş zaman (Simple Past) olarak çekimlenen fiiller de gerund (verb+ing)olurlar.

    The students who came to class late missed the quiz.
    The students coming to class late missed the quiz.

    I passed the exam, which made all my family happy.
    I passed the exam, making all my family happy.

    2. Pasive Yapılar (Passive Structure)
    Pasive yapılarda who, which, that ve yardımcı filler (am, is, have,was gibi)atılır. Fill verb 3 halinde kalır. Anlamda hiçbir değişiklik olmaz.

    The car which was used in the bank robbery has been found by the police.
    The car used in the bank robbery has been found by the police.

    Students who are punished are generally boys.
    Students punished are generally boys.

    The method that has been used in the project was excellent.
    The method used in the project was excellent.

    It is unsafe to enter a building which was damaged by the earthquake.
    It is unsafe to enter a building damaged by the earthquake
     
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